Site Plan

Fungal Foray Wednesday 22 October 2008

  

Every place was taken for this eagerly awaited Foray by the county’s fungal recorder, Alan Outen, who gave a most entertaining explanation of the numerous fungi which were handed to him for identification. Fears that the Nickey Line might not have had many fungi were soon dispelled, and despite many of the fungi examined looking fairly similar, most of them turned out to be different from previous samples handled!

 

Fungi play a very important role in helping to decay organic matter, an odourless process, unlike bacterial decay, which is usually associated with unpleasant smells.

 

We learnt that there are about 15000 fungi in the UK, with new species being added all the time. Identification books sold in the UK only list a few hundred species however, and expertise and a microscope are needed for many. Attempts have been made to give the fungi English names rather than the Latin names used by the experts, but these have largely failed. The whole fungi should be lifted to aid identification, as the sleeves, rings, the gills, spores, colour and smell can all be useful indicators.

 

In excess of 90 species were found on the foray, including a probable sowerbyella radicata, a species rare in Hertfordshire, which Alan was going to send to Kew for accurate typing. Alan has kindly sent the Friends a detailed list of the fungi found 

 

FUNGUS SPECIES RECORDED FOR NICKEY LINE/ KNOTT WOOD

 

Foray of 22 Oct 2008 am only  - Species identified by Alan R Outen and Kerry Robinson

 

Habitat/ species associations are given where noted, however these details were otherwise not recorded in many instances

 

  

 

AGARICS AND BOLETI

Vernacular name

Associated species/habitat

 

 

 

Agrocybe erebia

Dark Fieldcap

in nettles

Armillaria gallica (=bulbosa = lutea)

Bulbous Honey Fungus

On hardwood stump

Armillaria mellea s.s.

Honey Fungus

On hardwood stump Knott Wood

Bolbitius vitellinus s.s.[I do not accept synonymy with B.titubans]

Yellow Fieldcap

In grass

Clitocybe geotropa

Trooping Funnel

Under Fagus & Quercus

Clitocybe nebularis

Clouded Funnel

Under deciduous trees

Clitopilus hobsonii

 

On rotting wood

Collybia butyracea

Butter Cap

Under Fagus

Collybia dryophila

Russet Toughshank

 

Conocybe appendiculata

 

 

Coprinus lagopus (=Coprinopsis)

Haresfoot Inkcap

 

Coprinus micaceus (=Coprinellus)

Glistening Inkcap

On hardwood stump

Coprinus plicatilis (=Parasola)

Pleated Inkcap

In grass

Galerina hypnorum

Moss Bell

 

Hebeloma mesophaeum

Veiled Poisonpie

 

Hebeloma pallidoluctuosum

Sweet Poisonpie

 

Hebeloma sinapizans

Bitter Poisonpie

 

Hypholoma fasciculare

Sulphur Tuft

Hardwood stumps

Inocybe maculata

Frosty Fibrecap

 

Lactarius pyrogalus

Fiery Milkcap

Under Corylus – Knott Wood

Lepiota aspera (=friesii =Cystolepiota)

Freckled Dapperling

– Knott Wood

Lepista flaccida (=Clitocybe)

Tawny Funnel

Under Fagus – Knott Wood

Lepista nuda

Wood Blewit

Under deciduous trees mostly in brambles

Marasmius setipes (=recubans)

 

 

Melanoleuca cinerascens

 [I do NOT consider this as synonymous with M.excissa]

 

 

Melanoleuca polioleuca (=melaleuca s.sl. & s.s. auct. Brit)

Common Cavalier

On litter under Fagus

Mycena acicula

Orange Bonnet

On small hardwood sticks

Mycena adscendens (=tenerrima)

Frosty Bonnet

On small hardwood sticks – Knott Wood

Mycena arcangeliana (=oortiana)

Angels Bonnet

On fallen hardwood branches Knott Wood

Mycena crocata

Saffrondrop Bonnet

fallen small branches of  Fagus  Knott Wd

Mycena galericulata

Common Bonnet

On hardwood stumps & fallen branches

Mycena galopus

Milking Bonnet

On hardwood debris (sticks & leaves)

Mycena hiemalis

 

Mossy log

Mycena polygramma

Grooved Bonnet

Rooting into Quercus wood

Panaeolus rickenii

 

Grassy path edges

Pluteus romellii

Goldleaf Shield

 

Pluteus salicinus

Willow Shield

Knott Wood

Psathyrella candolleana

Pale Brittlestem

 

Psathyrella conopilus

Conical Brittlestem

On deciduous litter

Psathyrella microrrhiza

Rootlet Brittlestem

On deciduous litter

Psathyrella spadicea

Chestnut Brittlestem

Rotting hard wood stump

Stropharia caeulea (=cyanea)

Blue Roundhead

in nettle bed

Tricholoma cingulatum

Girled Knight

 

Xerula radicata

Rooting Shank

On soil in deciduous litter

 

 

 

APHYLLOPHORALES

 

 

Bjerkandera adusta

Smoky Bracket

On dead deciduous wood esp beech

Byssomerulius corium (=Meruliopsis)

Netted Crust

On dead deciduous wood

Coniophora puteana

Wet Rot

On dead deciduous wood

Coriolopsis gallica

 

On dead Fraxinus wood

Daedaleopsis confragosa

Blushing Bracket

On Quercus branchesKnott Wood

Heterobasidion annosum

Root Rot

On dead conifer stump

Hyphodontia sambuci

Elder Whitewash

On Sambucus branch

Macrotyphula juncea (=Clavariadelphus)

Slender Club

On dead decaying leaf mat Knott Wood

Mycoacia uda

 

On underside dead deciduous wood

Peniophora quercina

 

On Quercus

Phellinus ferreus

Cinnamon Porecrust

On dead deciduous woodKnott Wood

Phlebiella sulphurea (=Trechispora vaga)

Yellow Cobweb

underside dead deciduous woodKnott Wd

Schizopora paradoxa

Split Porecrust

On dead Fagus wood Knott Wood

Stereum gausapatum

Bleeding Oak Crust

On Quercus

Stereum hirsutum

Hairy Curtain Crust

On  hardwood stumps & branches

Trametes gibbosa (=Pseudotrametes)

Lumpy Bracket

On Fagus – Knott Wood

Trametes versicolor (=Coriolus)

Turkeytail

On dead deciduous wood inc Fagus

Typhula erythropus

Redleg Club

Knott Wood

 

 

 

GASTEROMYCETES

 

 

Lycoperdon nigrescens (=foetidum)

Dusky Puffball

On litter under Fagus

Lycoperdon perlatum

Common Puffball

On litterKnott Wood

Lycoperdon pyriforme

Stump Puffball

On rotting stumps Knott Wood

 

 

 

HETEROBASIDIOMYCETES

 

 

Auricularia auricula-judae (=Hirneola)

Jew’s Ear / Jelly Ear

On Sambucus nigra

Calocera cornea

Small Stagshorn

On Quercus woodKnott Wood

Dacrymyces capitatus

 

On dead deciduous wood

Dacrymyces stillatus

Common Jellyspot

On dead deciduous wood

 

 

 

TELEOMYCETES

 

 

Coleosporium tussilaginis

 

On living Tussilago farfara leaves

  Melampsora caprearum    on Salix caprea leaves

 

Phragmidium mucronatum

 

On living leaves of Rosa canina

Phragmidium violaceum

 

on Rubus fruticosa agg. leaves

Puccinia glechomatis

 

on Gelechoma hederacea

 

 

 

ASCOMYCETES

 

 

Bisporella sulfurina

 

 

Daldinia concentrica

King Alfreds Cakes/ Cramp Balls

On Fraxinus wood

Diatrype stigma

Common Tarcrust

On Quercus and Fagus wood

Erysiphe cruchetiana

 

On living leaves Ononis

Erysiphe heraclei

 

on Heracleum & Angelica leaves

Erysiphe tortilis

 

On living leaves of Cornus sanguinea

Hypoxylon fuscum

Hazel Woodwart

On fallen Corylus branch Knott Wood

Hypoxylon petriniae

 

on Fraxinus branch

Leptosphaeria acuta

Nettle Rash

On dead Urtica dioica stems

Microsphaera alphitoides (=Erisiphe)

 

on Quercus leaves

Nectria cinnabarina

Coral Spot

on Fagus wood  also Quercus

Phyllactinia guttata

 

On Corylus leaves

Rhytisma acerinum

Tar Spot

On Acer pseudoplatanus living leaves

Sawadea bicornis

 

On living  Acer pseudoplatanus leaves

Sowerbyella radiculata

 

soil in Knott Wood

Sphaerotheca alchemillae

 

 

Uncinula adunca

 

on Salix caprea leaves

 

 

 

HYPHOMYCETES

 

 

Cercospora mercurialis

 

on Mercurialis perennis leaves

Cylindrium aeruginosum (=Fusidium)

 

Knott Wood

Ramularia calcea

 

on Glechoma hederacea

 

 

 

COELOMYCETES

 

 

Phoma hedericola

 

On Hedera helix living leaves

Septoria cornicola

 

On living leaves Cornus sanguinea

Septoria rubi

 

On living leaves of Rubus fruticosus agg.

 Summary

 

 

22.10.08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agarics & Boleti

Mushrooms, Toadstools etc

44

 

 

 

 

Aphyllophorales

Bracket Fungi & relatives

18

 

 

 

 

Gasteromycetes

Puffballs, Stinkhorns etc.

3

 

 

 

 

Heterobasidiomycetes

Jelly Fungi

4

 

 

 

 

Teleomycetes

Rusts & Smuts

5

 

 

 

 

Ascomycetes

Cup Fungi & relatives

17

 

 

 

 

Hyphomycetes

 

3

 

 

 

 

Coelomycetes

 

3

 

 

 

 

Oomycota

 

0

 

 

 

 

Phycomycetes

 

0

 

 

 

 

Myxomycetes

Slime-Moulds

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

97

 

 

 

 

10 Years of the Friends August Nature Notes Become a Friend Gallery How to get there Newsletters Nickey Line History Redbourn Crossing Survey Other Sites of Interest Our Constitution Our Vision Statement Website Fun Quiz
Site by Hertfordshire web design company NCS
Supported by Big Lottery Fund, BBC Breathing Spaces initiative