Nickey Line Fungal List

In October 2008, the county’s fungal recorder, Alan Outen, led a fungal foray on the Nickey Line and gave a most entertaining explanation of the numerous fungi which were handed to him for identification. Fears that the Nickey Line might not have had many fungi were soon dispelled, and despite many of the fungi examined looking fairly similar, most of them turned out to be different from previous samples handled!

Fungi play a very important role in helping to decay organic matter, an odourless process, unlike bacterial decay, which is usually associated with unpleasant smells.

We learned that there are about 15,000 fungi in the UK, with new species being added all the time. Identification books sold in the UK only list a few hundred species, however, and expertise and a microscope are needed for many. Attempts have been made to give the fungi English names rather than the Latin names used by the experts, but these have largely failed. The whole fungi should be lifted to aid identification as the sleeves, rings, the gills, spores, colour and smell can all be useful indicators.

In excess of 90 species were found on the foray, including a probable Sowerbyella radicata, a species rare in Hertfordshire, which Alan was going to send to Kew for accurate typing. Alan kindly sent the Friends a detailed list of the fungi found:


Foray of 22 Oct 2008 am only – Species identified by Alan R Outen and Kerry Robinson

Habitat/ species associations are given where noted, however these details were otherwise not recorded in many instances.

AGARICS AND BOLETIVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Agrocybe erebiaDark FieldcapIn nettles
Armillaria gallica (=bulbosa = lutea)Bulbous Honey FungusOn hardwood stump
Armillaria mellea s.s.Honey FungusOn hardwood stump – Knott Wood
Bolbitius vitellinus s.s.[I do not accept synonymy with B.titubans]Yellow FieldcapIn grass
Clitocybe geotropaTrooping FunnelUnder Fagus & Quercus
Clitocybe nebularisClouded FunnelUnder deciduous trees
Clitopilus hobsoniiOn rotting wood
Collybia butyraceaButter CapUnder Fagus
Collybia dryophilaRusset Toughshank
Conocybe appendiculata
Coprinus lagopus (=Coprinopsis)Haresfoot Inkcap
Coprinus micaceus (=Coprinellus)Glistening InkcapOn hardwood stump
Coprinus plicatilis (=Parasola)Pleated InkcapIn grass
Galerina hypnorumMoss Bell
Hebeloma mesophaeumVeiled Poisonpie
Hebeloma pallidoluctuosumSweet Poisonpie
Hebeloma sinapizansBitter Poisonpie
Hypholoma fasciculareSulphur TuftHardwood stumps
Inocybe maculataFrosty Fibrecap
Lactarius pyrogalusFiery MilkcapUnder Corylus – Knott Wood
Lepiota aspera (=friesii =Cystolepiota)Freckled Dapperling– Knott Wood
Lepista flaccida (=Clitocybe)Tawny FunnelUnder Fagus – Knott Wood
Lepista nudaWood BlewitUnder deciduous trees mostly in brambles
Marasmius setipes (=recubans)
Melanoleuca cinerascens [I do NOT consider this as synonymous with M.excissa]
Melanoleuca polioleuca (=melaleuca & s.s. auct. Brit)Common CavalierOn litter under Fagus
Mycena aciculaOrange BonnetOn small hardwood sticks
Mycena adscendens (=tenerrima)Frosty BonnetOn small hardwood sticks – Knott Wood
Mycena arcangeliana (=oortiana)Angels BonnetOn fallen hardwood branches – Knott Wood
Mycena crocataSaffrondrop Bonnetfallen small branches of Fagus – Knott Wd
Mycena galericulataCommon BonnetOn hardwood stumps & fallen branches
Mycena galopusMilking BonnetOn hardwood debris (sticks & leaves)
Mycena hiemalisMossy log
Mycena polygrammaGrooved BonnetRooting into Quercus wood
Panaeolus rickeniiGrassy path edges
Pluteus romelliiGoldleaf Shield
Pluteus salicinusWillow Shield– Knott Wood
Psathyrella candolleanaPale Brittlestem
Psathyrella conopilusConical BrittlestemOn deciduous litter
Psathyrella microrrhizaRootlet BrittlestemOn deciduous litter
Psathyrella spadiceaChestnut BrittlestemRotting hard wood stump
Stropharia caeulea (=cyanea)Blue Roundheadin nettle bed
Tricholoma cingulatumGirled Knight
Xerula radicataRooting ShankOn soil in deciduous litter

APHYLLOPHORALESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Bjerkandera adustaSmoky BracketOn dead deciduous wood esp beech
Byssomerulius corium (=Meruliopsis)Netted CrustOn dead deciduous wood
Coniophora puteanaWet RotOn dead deciduous wood
Coriolopsis gallicaOn dead Fraxinus wood
Daedaleopsis confragosaBlushing BracketOn Quercus branches– Knott Wood
Heterobasidion annosumRoot RotOn dead conifer stump
Hyphodontia sambuciElder WhitewashOn Sambucus branch
Macrotyphula juncea (=Clavariadelphus)Slender ClubOn dead decaying leaf mat – Knott Wood
Mycoacia udaOn underside dead deciduous wood
Peniophora quercinaOn Quercus
Phellinus ferreusCinnamon PorecrustOn dead deciduous wood– Knott Wood
Phlebiella sulphurea (=Trechispora vaga)Yellow Cobwebunderside dead deciduous wood– Knott Wd
Schizopora paradoxaSplit PorecrustOn dead Fagus wood – Knott Wood
Stereum gausapatumBleeding Oak CrustOn Quercus
Stereum hirsutumHairy Curtain CrustOn hardwood stumps & branches
Trametes gibbosa (=Pseudotrametes)Lumpy BracketOn Fagus – Knott Wood
Trametes versicolor (=Coriolus)TurkeytailOn dead deciduous wood inc Fagus
Typhula erythropusRedleg Club– Knott Wood

GASTEROMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Lycoperdon nigrescens (=foetidum)Dusky PuffballOn litter under Fagus
Lycoperdon perlatumCommon PuffballOn litter– Knott Wood
Lycoperdon pyriformeStump PuffballOn rotting stumps – Knott Wood

HETEROBASIDIOMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Auricularia auricula-judae (=Hirneola)Jew’s Ear / Jelly EarOn Sambucus nigra
Calocera corneaSmall StagshornOn Quercus wood– Knott Wood
Dacrymyces capitatusOn dead deciduous wood
Dacrymyces stillatusCommon JellyspotOn dead deciduous wood

TELEOMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Coleosporium tussilaginisOn living Tussilago farfara leaves
Melampsora caprearumon Salix caprea leaves
Phragmidium mucronatumOn living leaves of Rosa canina
Phragmidium violaceumon Rubus fruticosa agg. leaves
Puccinia glechomatison Gelechoma hederacea

ASCOMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Bisporella sulfurina
Daldinia concentricaKing Alfreds Cakes/ Cramp BallsOn Fraxinus wood
Diatrype stigmaCommon TarcrustOn Quercus and Fagus wood
Erysiphe cruchetianaOn living leaves Ononis
Erysiphe heracleion Heracleum & Angelica leaves
Erysiphe tortilisOn living leaves of Cornus sanguinea
Hypoxylon fuscumHazel WoodwartOn fallen Corylus branch – Knott Wood
Hypoxylon petriniaeon Fraxinus branch
Leptosphaeria acutaNettle RashOn dead Urtica dioica stems
Microsphaera alphitoides (=Erisiphe)on Quercus leaves
Nectria cinnabarinaCoral Spoton Fagus wood also Quercus
Phyllactinia guttataOn Corylus leaves
Rhytisma acerinumTar SpotOn Acer pseudoplatanus living leaves
Sawadea bicornisOn living Acer pseudoplatanus leaves
Sowerbyella radiculatasoil in Knott Wood
Sphaerotheca alchemillae
Uncinula aduncaon Salix caprea leaves

HYPHOMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Cercospora mercurialison Mercurialis perennis leaves
Cylindrium aeruginosum (=Fusidium)– Knott Wood
Ramularia calceaon Glechoma hederacea

COELOMYCETESVernacular nameAssociated species/habitat
Phoma hedericolaOn Hedera helix living leaves
Septoria cornicolaOn living leaves Cornus sanguinea
Septoria rubiOn living leaves of Rubus fruticosus agg.

SummaryVernacular name22.10.08
Agarics & BoletiaMushrooms, Toadstools etc44
AphyllophoralesBracket Fungi & relatives18
GasteromycetesPuffballs, Stinkhorns etc.3
HeterobasidiomycetesJelly Fungi4
TeleomycetesRusts & Smuts5
AscomycetesCup Fungi & relatives17